What is the Summer Solstice?

This year, the summer solstice falls on June 21, 2022. It’s a common misconception that the summer solstice falls on the same day each year, but the truth is that the solstice falls on the day in which the sun reaches its highest point from the celestial equator. This can happen anywhere from June 20th to June 22nd. But what, exactly is the summer solstice? Well, we’re glad you asked!

There are two solstices in our yearly calendar, as well as two equinoxes. The summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere lands between June 20th to the 22nd, while the winter solstice will be anywhere between December 20th to the 23rd. While we’re experiencing a solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere is experiencing the other one. So when it’s the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere will be experiencing the winter solstice on the exact same date, and vice versa. 

The solstices are the dates during which the Earth’s axes are tilted closest and furthest from the sun. So when the axis is tilted closest to the sun, the summer solstice happens in the Northern Hemisphere, and we see our longest day of the year. Likewise, during the winter solstice, we see our longest night.

The Summer Solstice Throughout History

The summer solstice has been celebrated around the world for millennia. Stonehenge in England, for example, is believed to have been a site of summer solstice rituals. In fact, the Heel Stone of the monolith, a stone that stands outside the main circle of Stonehenge, aligns perfectly with the rising sun on the morning of the solstice.

The pyramids of Khufu and Khafre at Giza in Egypt are two other structures that archaeologists believe were built with the solstice in mind. When standing at the foot of the Sphinx, the sun on the night of the summer solstice sets directly between the two pyramids of the great pharaohs.

In Ancient Greece, the summer solstice denoted exactly one month from the kickoff of the Olympic Games, and it marked the start of their new year. Ancient Romans celebrated the summer solstice with their festival to the goddess of hearth and home, Vesta, called Vestalia.

The summer solstice was celebrated as Midsummer in many central and northern European religions, where participants would light bonfires because they believed it would help magnify the sun’s energy, and thus give them a bountiful harvest that fall. It was also widely believed that evil spirits crossed the threshold between the spirit realm and that of the living during the summer solstice and that bonfires could ward them off.

Modern Summer Solstice Celebrations

Celebrations of the summer solstice are still alive and well in our modern world. Some have to do with religion, while others are simply celebrating the longer days. In Fairbanks, Alaska, the town comes together every year to celebrate their 22.5 hours of sunlight with the Midnight Sun Game, where they play a game of baseball starting at 10:30 p.m. Anchorage, Alaska also gets in on the fun and games for their day of 22 hours of sunlight with their Solstice Festival and Hero Games. First responders compete in games like tug of war, obstacle courses, donut-eating competitions, and tower climbs, while the city’s artists and musicians rev up downtown for a massive party.

Ottawa, Ontario holds its Summer Solstice Indigenous Festival for three days surrounding the solstice. Famed indigenous chefs offer incredible food, while the best Pow Wow dancers in the country amaze onlookers with their incredibly moving dances and gorgeous traditional costumes.

In Sweden, there are May Pole dances and the creation of traditional crowns of flowers. Reykjavik, Iceland holds its Secret Solstice Festival, where local and non-local musicians light up the city, and parties are held in caves and glaciers. And Austrians in the city of Tyrol set the mountaintops ablaze with massive bonfires honoring the solstice.

Summer Solstice Ritual

There are so many things we can do, as modern Pagans, to celebrate the summer solstice. Cast runes, journal in your grimoire, make flower crowns, pick herbs for your spells, meditate skyclad in the sun’s warming and renewing energy. My personal favorite way of celebrating the solstice is lighting a bonfire and gathering in a circle around it with my coven members, as we dance, and sing, and chant together. The summer and its solstice are all about fun, joy, and celebration. So this solstice, do whatever makes you happiest. 

The Next Flower Moon will be on May 16

The Flower Moon will be in our skies on Monday, May 16 at 12:14 a.m. Eastern Time, and it will also feature the first total lunar eclipse of the year! What exactly is the Flower Moon? I’m glad you asked. The Flower Moon is also called the Corn Planting Moon and the Milk Moon. Both of these names stem from Native American folklore (the Cherokee called it First Fruits Moon). The name Corn Planting Moon comes from the fact that planting season for corn began with this moon back in ancient times.

What is the Flower Moon?

May’s full moon is called the Flower Moon for very obvious reasons. It’s when the last of the winter’s frost melts away, and the world returns to vivid color with all the beautiful blooming flowers poking up through the ground. 

As mentioned above, the Flower Moon goes by many other names denoting the time of the year that it’s found. The Corn Planting Moon for the planting of corn; the Blossom Moon, again, for obvious reasons; and the Hare Moon. If you’re wondering why most of May’s moon’s names have to do with flora, and then there’s the Hare Moon, it’s because, during this time of the year, rabbits start going at it like, well, rabbits.

What Does the Flower Moon Symbolize?

As with the birth of Spring each year, the Flower Moon symbolizes birth, fertility, new possibilities, and healing. Just as we are becoming fully awakened after the cold winter months, so, too, is the Earth. Flowers are blooming, animals are mating, beautiful butterflies and hard working honey bees are flitting around the beginnings of our gardens. 

The Flower Moon finds us still in the season of Beltane, which is believed to be an excellent time for those trying to conceive. Try rubbing some moon water on your belly during the night of the Flower Moon if you find yourself wanting to conceive this year.

If you’re not trying to conceive, you can harness the powerful Flower Moon’s energy for any magickal workings you so desire. This moon is all about pleasure, abundance, romance, happiness, love, celebration, fun, and laughter. Dress yourself and your altar in all the colors of spring flowers. Oranges, reds, yellows, and greens will give your spiritual energy the boost it needs during the Flower Moon.

Flower Blood Moon

Though we won’t be treated to the Super Flower Blood Moon – when a Super Moon coincides with a total lunar eclipse – like we were last May, we will get to feast our eyes on a Flower Blood Moon on May 16th. Total lunar eclipses are often called Blood Moons, not for any special reason, other than the fact that during a total lunar eclipse, our usual bright white satellite turns a deep blood red color.

May’s Flower Moon will be coinciding with a total lunar eclipse, one of two in 2022. Visible from North America, South America, Africa, Europe, and parts of Asia, the total lunar eclipse will reach totality – the point at which the Earth’s shadow is fully covering our moon – at 3:29 a.m. on May 16th. Totality will last approximately 85 minutes, so be sure to set your alarms if you want to be able to see this year’s Flower Blood Moon!

Flower Moon Ritual

The Flower Moon is a great time for rituals involving manifestation. The world is in bloom all around us, so it’s time to get our dreams blooming too. Here is a simple ritual to manifest your dreams during this year’s Flower Moon.

What you’ll need:

Two candles, preferably red, but white always works in a pinch.
A bowl filled with moon water.
Flowers, any you can find will work.
A Black marker
A red ribbon

Cast your circle and ask your guardians/spirits/deities to join your ritual. Dress in bright flowery colors, or, with the weather warming, go skyclad if you’re comfortable.

Decorate your altar with spring flowers. Magnolias, tulips, daffodils, or cherry blossoms work well.

Use the marker to write your goal or intention on the ribbon. Add some flowers to the bowl of moon water.

Place the ribbon in the bowl. If you can see the moon from where you are, look at it. If you can’t visualize its energy filling your circle and surrounding your altar. Ask the moon to bless your water.

Next, light one of the candles and chant the following incantation.

Hail to the guardians of fire.

Hail to the spirit of the moon.

By the strength of my will,

And the passion in my heart,

Join with me as I create,

Help me to manifest my will.

Stir the ribbon in the bowl of moon water while you meditate and visualize your manifestations coming to fruition.

After meditating, place the bowl by a window, or preferably outside if possible, so it can be charged with the energy of the Flower Moon. Extinguish the candle, close your circle, and thank the guardians/spirits/deities for attending your ritual.

The following morning, strain your bowl of water and pour it into a glass jar or bottle. Use the water now infused with the moon’s energy to dress the second candle.

In the following days, burn both of the candles. Do so for a bit each day the following week until both candles are burned down.

Smoke Cleansing

When most people walk into my home, I watch them drop their shoulders, inhale, and smile. It’s like they just walked into a sanctuary or spa. Even with my small dogs barking their greetings, my guests seem to relax almost immediately. Clients, friends, and family have repeatedly commented on how calm and peaceful they feel in my home. My house is not outwardly calm, between the dogs barking, the three teenagers, the robot vacuum choking on a sock, the game blaring on the TV, and the dishes in the sink, you might be thinking, “CHAOS!”. Sure, those things could be chaotic, and yet, my guests feel perfectly at ease. This is because my home is smoke cleansed regularly, and strongly energetically protected. 
Have you ever walked into a home that just felt heavy, dark, or gave you the heebeegeebees? Are there places that just feel off to you? I remember having a sleepover at a friend’s house in 6th grade, and her house just felt uncomfortable. I never slept over again, but as an adult, I visited her home, and it still felt off. Almost like I was cold, even though it wasn’t cold at all. This really struck me because as a tween, I didn’t think much about it, I just recognized my discomfort. As an adult, I recognized the same feelings I had felt all those years ago. I felt validated but also concerned. I wondered why her house felt so uncomfortable. I wish I had the tools then that I have now because I would have offered to smoke cleanse her house.
All spaces carry energy, whether it’s a home, office, bathroom, church, hospital, school, park, or alleyway. The energy may be so subtle that you don’t feel anything at all, or it may be strong. It can be strong in a positive, or peaceful way, and it may be strong in a negative or even scary way. Just as human beings have the capacity to take on other people’s energy, most commonly noted in empaths, this whole world experiences energetic imprinting. We don’t have to suffer from the intensity or even minimal low vibe energy. In my last blog, “Protect Yourself, Your Home, and Your Peace”, I shared ways to create energetic barriers for your personal aura. Today I want to dive into doing the same for your home. 
Smoke Cleansing is an ancient tradition that has been used in many cultures throughout history and is still a common practice today. We are familiar with Indigenous people in America who use smoke to not only cleanse but also open portals to the spirit world, however, burning herbs to promote cleansing and spiritual connection has been practiced since ancient times all over the world. Biblically God commands the use of incense as early as Exodus, and the wise men who came to witness the infant Jesus after his birth brought frankincense and myrrh as offerings, two herbs that are still used to smoke cleanse and protect to this day. Egypt has been known to burn herbs to purify their homes and help the inhabitants to sleep well. Temples across China and Asia have burned herbs, such as mugwort to support emotional wellness. Africa and India have both been known for smoke cleansing as well. Even Australian Aboriginals and Islanders use different herbs to cleanse with smoke. European witches were put to death for using herbs as salves, remedies, and smoke cleansing. 
You may be wondering if Smoke Cleansing is cultural appropriation. It is a highly controversial subject. As witches, it is important to touch on this subject as we strive to be as ethical as possible. I do not intend to lecture anyone, however, I do find that skirting around it just because it’s uncomfortable is privileged and disrespectful. I have shouted from the rooftops about the injustices to witches, and the 13 million women who were tortured, kidnapped, and murdered by drowning, hanging, burning, and countless other insidious ways. Therefore I would be remiss to skirt over the 56 million indigenous men, women, and children who were brutally murdered in the Americas by European settlers. This was a successful holocaust. Hideous extermination of human beings, their religions, customs, and culture. It’s truly tragic. 
“Smudging” is a term used by Indigenous people for smoke cleansing. While Smoke Cleansing is not exclusive to Indigenous people, the term “Smudge” is. The other issue we run into is that many people use white sage to smoke cleanse because of its magical properties, and popularity. Smudging, and all Indigenous religious practices were banned in the United States until 1978. This type of oppression is abhorrent, and the reason it is argued that it is inappropriate for non-natives to adopt these customs. I have made this error myself, and until recently I used the term “Smudge” when discussing Smoke Cleansing, not realizing that the word is not for me to use. In addition, I have used white sage to smoke cleanse, however, this sage was picked wild for me by a dear friend who is Indigenous and has been one of my beloved teachers. I felt panic in regards to using white sage, but just as my dear friend invited me to a Sweat Lodge, I was informed that being invited, and gifted these items and experiences means that in these circumstances I have the honor of participating in these sacred rituals. It would, however, be inappropriate for me to buy and burn sage, just as it would be inappropriate for me to create a Sweat Lodge, according to my Indigenous friends. In addition, white sage has been over-harvested, and therefore it is unethical to purchase unless you can guarantee that it has been sustainably harvested. 
So what is acceptable to burn while smoke cleansing? First, I would suggest feeling deeply into yourself, your practices, and your ancestral roots. Due to my modgepodge of ancestry, I have looked into the cultures of my bloodline ranging from Ashkenazi Jew to Swedish, to Scottish, Irish, French, German, and Brazillian. For most of my life, I only had a real connection to my Jewish lineage, so I chose to start there. A quick Google search can help you to discover herbs and other powerful plants that your ancestors may have used. 
Others believe that it is most ethical to choose to use herbs that grow native to the area where you live, on the basis that the energies where you live are more connected to the plants that naturally grow in that region. Ultimately it is up to you to feel into what speaks to your heart and keeps you aligned. Lavender, rosemary, cedar, mugwort, and juniper are all effective alternatives to white sage, or palo santo.
Smoke Cleansing is a tried and true method for dispersing negative, stagnant, or stale energy. It’s surprisingly simple, but a somewhat tedious task when performed with intention. You will find that different cultures have different rituals. I encourage you to do your own research and find a ritual that feels good to you. Personally, my preference for Smoke Cleansing whenever the energy in my home feels heavy, or tense, as well as after we have had guests, is two rounds of smoke cleansing, using two different herbs. The first to banish the old or negative energy, and the second to fill my space with fiercely protective love. I begin by opening everything, all the windows and doors, and each and every cabinet, and closet. I bless and command the first herb by saying “I command you to banish all negative, unwanted, and unhealthy energy from this space, and so it is.” then light my herbs in a bowl or heatproof container, and begin at my front door. I use a small broom or hand fan, and wave the smoke, moving the bowl counterclockwise (to banish), I walk counterclockwise through the entrance of my home, fanning the smoke from top to bottom, making sure not to miss corners, and other hidden places, like underneath desks and shelves. I continue this way, moving from room to room, always starting from the entrance, and paying special attention to enclosed spaces, like cabinets. Afterward, I command my second herb (which is often some type of flower) by saying, “I command you to fill this space with fierce protective love, and repel any and all negative or unwanted energy from this space.” Then I begin again, only this time I move clockwise to bring in positive loving energy. Love is my “religion”, so I choose to use love as my protector, and nurturer. If you have a special connection to specific deities, you can call on them as you command your herbs. 
After I have Smoke Cleansed the entire house, I light a candle to seal the deal, then close all the doors, windows, and cabinets. Before lighting this candle, I meditate on its purpose, and command it to bring calm, gentle, loving, and protective energy into my home, and anoint it with specific essential oils. Any candle will do, as long as it has never been burned before. Unless you have designated a larger candle for this purpose, in which case, you would still meditate on its purpose before lighting the candle, and rather than blowing it out, I suggest snuffing it out. 
There are many practices for smoke cleansing, we would love to hear yours! And don’t forget that you can smoke cleanse any item that comes into your home, as well as your vehicles! For more on protecting your home with symbolism, check out my previous blog, “Protect Yourself, Your Home, and Your Peace”.

@justinethewitch (she/her) is an eclectic witch who specializes in Shadow Work and Tarot reading, she refers to herself as a “Tarotpist” and a “Word Witch”. Her love for writing and passion to heal spiritual abuse has been the catalyst for her activism and her craft.

Overview and Comparison of Pantheons

With so many different pantheons out there, it can be difficult to know the difference between them, or be able to sort out which one’s which off the top of your head. We’re going to take a look at six pantheons in this blog, giving an overview of each and comparing and contrasting them in sets of two. 

The pantheons we’ll be delving into today will be Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Sumerian, Norse, and Celtic. But first, what exactly is a pantheon? It’s a collection of all the gods of a specific polytheistic religion, tradition, or mythology. Some pantheons have less than 10 deities, while some have thousands. 

Without further ado, let’s take a look at the two most well known ancient pantheons out there.

Greek Vs Roman

Ancient Greek mythology predates that of the Romans by around 1,000 years. Despite that time difference, the two religions have much in common. This will be the only comparison in which we’ll be able to make a table like this because for every Greek God out there, there is a Roman counterpart. And it wasn’t just the original 12 Olympians that found themselves copied in Roman Mythology. The majority of lesser gods and goddesses, as well as personifications, like the Fates, found Roman Counterparts as well.

Greek Pantheon Roman Pantheon
Zeus Jove/Jupiter
Hera Juno
Poseidon Neptune
Hades Pluto
Hestia Vesta
Demeter Ceres
Athena Minerva
Aphrodite Venus
Hermes Mercury
Apollo Apollo
Artemis Diana
Hephaestus Vulcan
Ares Mars
Dionysus Bacchus
Uranus Caelus
Kronos Saturn
Eros Cupid
Rhea Ops
Selene Luna
Persephone Proserpina

Written Works

The mythologies of the Greek and Roman pantheons as we know them today were both compiled in literary works. Circa the 8th century BC, Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey, detailing numerous Greek myths. Between 29 and 19 BC, Virgil composed the epic the Aeneid, which chronicled Aeneas’ travels to Italy from his home of Troy. Throughout the poem, Roman gods and goddesses are depicted, and, like the Iliad and the Odyssey, the myths and legends of Rome are told.

Gender and Appearance

So now that we’ve discussed the things that these two pantheons have in common, let’s take a look at their differences. First and foremost, despite the fact that we have the tendency to assign them genders, the Roman pantheon weren’t actually gender specific, whereas the Greek gods and goddess were, and were always assigned human-like traits. 

The two mythologies also differed in the way they appeared to mortals. The Greek gods were beautiful in every way. They were, essentially, the perfect representation of human-like physical traits. This was not something that the Romans copied from the Greeks. In Roman mythology, the gods and goddesses did not have a physical form. Any depiction or representation of them in sculpture, painting, or pottery comes solely from the imagination of the sculptor, painter, or potter.

The Afterlife

Though Greek mythology didn’t place much emphasis on the afterlife – as their importance was placed on life on earth, instead of the eventuality of an afterlife – we do know that the Underworld played a pivotal role in many of their myths. Unlike many other religions, however, the souls of the dead did not face judgement upon their death. Ruled by Hades and filled with rivers – Style, the most prominent of the Underworld rivers; the Acheron, the river of misery; the Phlegethon, the river of fire; the Cocytus, the river of wailing; and the Lethe, the river of forgetfulness – souls of the dead would arrive at the banks of the River Styx upon their death. Buried with a coin beneath their tongue with which to pay Charon, the Ferryman, they would be ferried across Styx and into Hades’ realm. 

Roman mythology placed much more emphasis on mortals doing good deeds so that they would be rewarded in the afterlife. As usual, borrowing from Greek mythology, when a Roman soul left its body, the god Mercury would escort them to the River Styx, where they would wait to be carried into the Underworld by Charon. There, they would go in front of Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Aenaeus, who would judge them and thus determine the next step of their journey. If they were deemed to have been good people in life, they would move on to paradise – ordinary people went to Asphodel Meadows, while warriors went onto the Fields of Elysium. If, however, they were deemed to have been bad people in life and had a debt to be paid, they would go to Tartarus, where they would be tortured by the Furies until their debt was paid.

Egyptian Vs. Sumerian

The Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations are often compared because of the fact that they’re two of the most ancient civilizations for which we still have written records. They both built their civilizations near fertile rivers – the Egyptians on the banks of the Nile, and the Sumerians on the floodplains of the Euphrates and Tigris. They also both created forms of writing, with the Sumerians’ Cuneiform being the oldest form of written language ever documented. 

But that’s about where the similarities end. So let’s take a look at the differences between the two ancient civilizations.

Written Language

Sumerian: The Sumerians were one of the first civilizations to develop a writing system emerging from the proto-writing of their ancestors. Their writing system was called Cuneiform after the wedge-shaped writing utensil they used. It was written on clay tablets and fired in a kiln to preserve the text.

Egyptians: The Egyptians used Hieroglyphics to document information and record history. Aside from being etched into temple walls and other sacred objects, they recorded stories, history, medical information, and rituals – among other things – on sheets of papyrus, which they made from reeds farmed from the Nile floodplains.


Sumerian: It’s difficult to pin down the exact pantheon of the Sumerians, as the clay tablets that have survived give different accounts. Some say that the original pantheon consisted only of the four main gods, An, god of the heavens; Enki, god of water, creation, and knowledge; Enlil, god of storms and wind; and Ninhursag, goddess of earth and fertility (some say that Ki was the goddess of earth, brother and consort to An). While others state that they worshipped The Seven Gods Who Decree, which included the four named above, as well as Utu, god of the sun, justice, and truth; Inanna, goddess of the love, beauty, sex, and war; and Nanna, god of the moon. The Sumerians also worshipped the Anunnaki, descendants of An and Ki, who were worshipped as Fate Deities.

Egyptian: The Egyptian Pantheon consisted of some main gods and goddesses, but in total, over 2,000 deities were worshipped throughout the land. The main deities worshipped in ancient Egypt were Osiris, god of the underworld; Isis, the Great Mother, wife of Osiris, goddess of magic, healing, fertility, motherhood, death, and rebirth; Horus, son of Osiris and Isis, god of the sky, hunting, and war; Set (or Seth), god of chaos, violence, and storms; Ptah, god of craftsmen, builders, and architects; Ra; the sun god; Hathor, “the Lady of the West,” goddess of motherhood and fertility; Anubis, god of death, embalming, mummification, cemeteries,  and the afterlife; Thoth, the god of wisdom and writing; Bastet (or Bast), the cat goddess; and Amon, (prior to merging with Ra to become Amun-Ra) the “Hidden One,” god of the air.

Burial Practices

The Sumerians: As the Sumerians were vulnerable to attack, they tended to live quite a volatile existence, their burial practices reflected that. They didn’t go to the great, elaborate lengths that many of the Egyptians went through to prepare their dead for the afterlife. Bodies were often wrapped in reed mats or placed in coffins and were buried in cemeteries, complete with markers, or under the homes of relatives in dug-out tombs.

The Egyptians: Though we all know about ancient Egyptian mummification, it was a practice that was usually only reserved for the wealthier members of society, as it was expensive and time-consuming. For the most part, upon their death, regular citizens were buried in simple pits in the desert. But for the wealthiest members of society, it was believed that the mummification and funerary process would prepare them for the afterlife. They were placed in elaborate sarcophagi with their organs placed in canopic jars placed in the tombs with them. Also in the tombs were items of importance, gold and jewels, food, clothing, and even their beloved pets. All things they would need to live happily in the afterlife.

The Afterlife

The Sumerians: The Sumerian Afterlife was a dark, gloomy underworld known as Kur. It was overseen by the goddess Ereshkigal, and people wished to avoid going there for as long as possible. Despite being constantly hungry and thirsty, souls in the afterlife had nothing to eat or drink but dust, unless a family member visited their grave and left offerings of food and drink. Eternal existence in Kur was nothing but gloom, and souls were neither rewarded for their deeds in life nor punished for them. If Heaven is white and Hell is black, Kur was nothing but dull greyness. The only beings to avoid such a dull eternal afterlife were babies who were stillborn, who, according to Enkidu in the Epic of Gilgamesh, would “play at a table of gold and silver, laden with honey and ghee.”

The Egyptians: The Egyptian beliefs of the afterlife were very different from the Sumerians. In ancient Egypt, when a person died, they would go in front of Anubis and Thoth in the Hall of Two Truths, where their heart was weighed on a scale against one of Ma’at’s (the goddess of truth and justice) feathers. If the heart was lighter than or balanced with the feather, it meant the person had led a good and decent life, and they would be deemed worthy enough to spend their immortal afterlife with Osiris in the Field of Reeds. However, if the heart was heavier than the Ma’at’s feather, it would be devoured by the crocodile-headed goddess Ammit, “The Devourer of the Dead,” and their soul would spend eternity restless and wandering. This was considered dying a second time. 

Norse Vs. Celtic

Our last comparison in this blog is the pantheons of the Norse and Celtic mythologies. There are not many similarities between these two mythologies, aside from the fact that they were created within a couple hundred years of one another, as far as we can tell. A lot of their mythologies also come to us through written works, like the Greeks and the Romans. For the Norse, there is the Prose Edda and the Poetic Edda, and for the Celtics, there is Lebor Gabála Érenn, or the Book of Invasions. From these two works, we glean much of the information we know today about these ancient pantheons.


The Norse: The Norse pantheon consisted of two tribes of gods. The Æsir and the Vanir. The Vanir are considered Old Gods, and include:

  • Njörðr, the god of merchants, the sea, and wealth.
  • Freyr, god of abundance and fertility.
  • Freya, sister to Freyr, goddess of love and fertility.
  • Gullveig, the personification of gold.
  • Nerthus, associated with fertility and goddess of water.

While the Æsir are the main pantheon of gods and goddesses of Norse mythology. Among the Æsir are:

  • Odin, the Allfather and Chief of the Æsir. He was the god of poetry, war, wisdom, healing, and death, among many other things.
  • Thor, the god of thunder, lightning, strength, sacred trees and groves, fertility, and was the protector of mankind.
  • Baldr, the god of light, happiness, beauty, and love.
  • Vidar, the god of vengeance.
  • Vali, who was born solely for the purpose of avenging his brother Baldr.
  • Bragi, the god of skaldic poetry.
  • Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost, the bridge between Asgard and Midgard.
  • Tyr, the god of war. He decides who it is that wins a battle.
  • Ullr, son of Sif, Thor’s wife, god of archery.
  • Forseti, the god of reconciliation and justice.
  • Frigg, wife of Odin, Queen of Asgard, goddess of love and fate.

While the Celtic pantheon is a bit harder to tie down because there were so many gods and goddesses worshipped throughout the entirety of the mythology, we do know that the main pantheon consists of what is called the Tuatha Dé Danann. The most prominent members of the Tuatha Dé Danann include:

  • The Dagda, who was the chief god of the pantheon.
  • The Morrigan, the goddess of fate and war.
  • Lugh, a master craftsman, warrior, king, and savior. Associated with law, truth, and oaths.
  • Nuada Airgetlám, the first king of the Tuatha Dé Danann before they came to Ireland.
  • Aengus, the god of love, youth, and poetic inspiration.
  • Brigid, daughter of the Dagda, goddess of poetry, wisdom, healing, domesticated animals, blacksmithing, and healing.
  • Manannán, king of the underworld and a god of the sea.
  • Dian Cecht, god of healing.
  • Goibniu, god of blacksmithing and metalworking.

The Afterlife

The Norse: The Norse actually had five different realms to which the dead would go, depending on their nature during life. The most well-known of these realms is, of course, Valhalla, The Hall of Heroes, the realm where Vikings who died in battle would go, if deemed worthy by Odin. Folkvangr, The Field of the People, is where the other half of those slain in battle would go. It was ruled over by Freya. As for the other three realms, Hel, The Realm of Rán (also called the Coral Caves of Rán), and The Burial Mound (literally where a person was buried), there isn’t really any literature on who went where and why. 

The Celts: The Ancient Celts tended to believe in reincarnation, and so would bury their dead with food, clothing, weapons, jewelry, and other goods they would need in their next life. The Celts didn’t have an “afterlife” or “underworld” as such, though they did have the Otherworld, which was a realm inhabited by fairy folk and other supernatural beings, who would often try and entice mortals to their realm. Some scholars claim that the Otherworld was the Celtic underworld, but there are not ancient texts to back that up.


Here is where you’re going to see some similarities between Norse Mythology and Celtic Mythology. As was often with ancient religions in those days, maybe of their holy days coincided.

Date Norse Holy Day  Celtic Holy Day
October 31st/November 1st – The end of Harvest Season Vetrnaetr Samhain
February 1st/2nd – The start of Planting Season Disablot  Imbolc/Imbolgc
April 30th/May 1st – The start of Spring Walpurgisnacht Beltane
August 1st – The first harvest of the year Freysblot  Lughnasadh

Though there are so many different pantheons and mythologies out there, we thought we’d give you a little head start in your research (because who doesn’t love researching this kind of stuff, honestly), but comparing and contrasting six of the most well known mythologies out there.

Did we miss one you wanted to see? Let us know!

A Brief History of the Demonic Mother, Lilith or Lilitu

The origins of Lilith, the demonic mother of all evil spirits, can be traced back to ancient Mesopotamia – the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in modern-day Iraq. This time period predates the biblical figures we are more familiar with such as Adam and Eve, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad by thousands of years. These ancient Mesopotamians believed in an unseen force behind all of creation that was both masculine and feminine at once, Lilith.

Lilith in Ancient Hebrew

According to ancient Hebrew mythology, Lilith was a young woman who became Adam’s first wife after he helped her to slay her would-be rapist. However, when she decided she wanted to have children, Adam refused, explaining that God had told him not to have any. Enraged by his defiance and incensed by his willingness to bow down to authority, Lilith ran away in despair. She then became Satan’s consort and gave birth to countless demons—including Samael and numerous Lilin; both are associated with vampires today. As punishment for her actions, God sent three angels—Senoy, Sansenoy, and Semangelof—to chase down Lilith; they succeeded in capturing her but only managed to render her sterile before freeing her once again.

Lilith in Ancient Mesopotamia

One could argue that even as early as Babylonian demonology (circa 6th century B.C.), traces of Lilith can be found in Mesopotamian depictions of Inanna’s demonic alter ego, known as Lilith or Lilitu. Inanna was an important goddess with a multitude of responsibilities and duties within the ancient Sumerian culture. As patron of both sexual activity and fertility, she controlled women’s sexuality—but her husband Dumuzi was meant to take control after marriage. The demons Lilith, Ardat-Lili, and Irdu-kug were all considered by scholars to be evil counterparts to these roles of Inanna; it is from these texts that we get our modern image of Lilith as being a dangerous succubus. Interestingly enough, however, much like how depictions of zombies over time are quite different from their original concepts (primarily because zombies didn’t exist), there is not necessarily a direct connection between what we call demons today and those mentioned in ancient Mesopotamia. For example, although Michael Jordan’s Air Jordan sneaker brand may be called a demon shoe in casual conversation today, as some people believe that he has supernatural powers when wearing them on his feet, demonology refers instead to Biblical demons (disembodied spirits). This alone illustrates just how intertwined religion and philosophy have been throughout history. Religion isn’t necessarily science but does have scientific roots. Demonology hasn’t necessarily changed much either: very few practices have become more commonplace than speaking ill of another behind their back—and somehow somebody always finds out about it! Of course, we think you know better than to use your negative remarks towards others negatively. Right?

Lilith in Talmudic Literature

The Talmud, a central text in Jewish studies, includes not one but two stories about Lilith—the first female human, made from dust like Adam; and a demonic succubus who was responsible for death in childbirth (among other things). It’s perhaps no surprise that Babylonian demonology—and Mesopotamian culture at large—would be steeped in misogyny. But it is interesting that so many ancient civilizations had their own form of Lilith myths. Maybe it makes sense, though—after all, sometimes even moms can make your life a living hell. What better way to explain misfortune than by blaming it on an evil woman?
Lilith as a SuccubusSuccubi are often said to have sexual intercourse with sleeping men, thus producing demon children. Succubi are a standard feature of medieval European demonology. It was once believed that women could become succubi by performing evil acts in life; modern myths state that they are born as succubi, or can be turned into them by demons or devils. The incubi and succubi were thought to be servants of Satan, and may appear during a demonic ritual or in a place where an act of heresy has been committed.

Lilith as an Incubus

Lilith’s earliest depictions come from Mesopotamia, where she was believed to be a demon who would steal babies from their cribs. Ancient Near Eastern cultures thought that if a woman were to become pregnant, but did not want to raise a child, then she would employ a daimon—which is what scholars believe incubi and succubi are—to father her child.

The Origins of the Name Lilith

Where does a demoness get her name? Though little is actually known about Lilith, she’s considered to be one of two things. First, there’s a Judaic origin tale from before 1000 BCE in which a female entity named Lilitu fell from heaven and slept with men while they were sleeping, causing them to have unwanted pregnancies. She also was said to have caused other evils in society such as disease and death.

by Justine Lieberman

We lock our doors, set alarms, double-check the windows, and charge our Ring doorbells, but how do we protect ourselves and our homes Magickally?  As witches, our first line of defense is our craft.  It’s important to match our “3D” defenses with our cosmic defenses.  Adding just a few energetic barriers to yourself and your home will not take much time or money, but it will help you to protect your peace.

Beginning with yourself, daily shielding and weekly cleansing will make a huge difference in your energy, productivity, and patience.  Each time we walk out of our front door, send an email, or post on social media, we are potential targets for the low vibe, energetic vampires, curses, hexes, and evil eyes.  Most muggles (and many witches) are unaware they are casting spells left and right.  All of our thoughts and intentions, even subconsciously, carry magick.  The potential to bless or curse is in a split second.  When someone cuts you off while driving, when a customer is rude, or when you see a stunning woman standing in her power, consider what feelings float through you.  You may be an innocent victim of someone else’s jealousy, bitterness, or anger.  You may be sending out jealousy, bitterness, or anger.  These little curses happen instantaneously, and we often don’t realize we have sent them out, or that we have been on the receiving end.  Sometimes you can tell that you have an evil eye on you when you notice that you feel more sluggish, have trouble sleeping, can’t get enough sleep, have out-of-character impatience, or lack of motivation.  These curses attach to your aura and drain you.  Have no fear, you already have some simple and effective remedies in your home.

Salt baths are one of my go-to suggestions when someone suspects they may have an evil eye. I recommend blessing your salt, and setting an intention.  “I command you to absorb all negative energy, evil eyes, hexes, and curses, and return to sender.  And so it is.”  Soak for at least 15 minutes, and be sure to submerge your entire body, head to toe, at least once.  Pull the plug, and watch the water drain, banishing all the negativity that has been pulled from you.  If you don’t have a bath, you could create a salt scrub and use the same incantation as above.  I prefer to scrub starting from my head, and down my body to my toes.  You may prefer to start from your toes and work upward.  I have heard varying preferences.  Play drumming, chanting, chimes, or high vibe music as you soak or scrub, as certain tones are healing.  Music works wonders to shake off negative vibes, particularly music that includes mantras, prayers, or sacred sounds, like Om.

Shielding and mirror armoring are important as a daily practice.  Close your eyes, take a few deep breaths, become present and grounded, then imagine mirrors all around your body.  Say, “I repel and banish all negative, low vibe, unwanted energy, and return to sender. And so it is.”  Mirrors are reflective, so your energetic mirrors will bounce back any unwanted energy, protecting you from energetic leeches.  You may write this spell on a post-it, or directly on your mirrors at home.  This will serve as a reminder to shield and will continue working, it is called “spelling” for a reason.  Written words carry power, too!  There are many other options to cleanse and shield yourself such as egg cleansing, smoke cleansing, reiki, crystals, and talismans.  Find what feels good for you.

Now that you are protected, let’s focus on your home.  First, weekly smoke cleansing is extremely helpful.  The smoke clears out old, stale, unwanted, and negative energy that may be trapped in your home.  I recommend two rounds, the first to banish, and the second to fill your space with peaceful, joyful, loving, and fierce protective energy.  You may want to light a white or black candle to ensure lasting protection when you are finished.

“Sometimes you can tell that you have an evil eye on you when you notice that you feel more sluggish, have trouble sleeping, can’t get enough sleep, have out-of-character impatience, or lack of motivation.  These curses attach to your aura and drain you.”

Justine the Witch

After smoke cleansing, place a bowl of salt in the room that people spend the most time in.  You may also add a bowl of salt to each room.  Salt absorbs negative energy and is highly protective. You may also sprinkle salt along your window sills and pour a thicker line outside your front door.  Do not underestimate the power of salt!  I suggest replacing the salt once a week on trash day.  You won’t want the negative salt to stay in your home, so trash day ensures that it’s taken far from you.  I like to do my big cleansings, as well as mopping the house (with added protective salt!), and salt replacements the night before trash day, so all of the unwanted energy and actual gunk is cleaned up, and out of my house.  Witches’ black salt is potent and works wonders when you really need to amp up your protection, just be wary of where you use this salt, as it may be toxic to children and animals.

Keeping crystals like black tourmaline and obsidian on the four corners of your home, or each room will aid in keeping you and your psyche protected.  Selenite is helpful to keep under the four corners of your bed to continuously cleanse and maintain harmony, as well as manage nightmares.  Salt and selenite lamps help to cleanse the air and the negativity from your space.  You may also wear crystals as jewelry, keep them in your pockets and/or your bra to help keep your vibrations raised, which will aid in repelling negative energy.  All of the items listed above should be cleansed regularly.  Moon baths, salt baths, or smoke cleansing will do the trick.

I have been cursed, and recently broke a pretty intense curse by moving.  I know it’s drastic, but anyone who knows where you live, or has stepped foot into your home, has the power to focus negative energy on you and your household.  We can’t all just pick up and move, and to be fair, I hadn’t wanted to, but the Goddess had other plans, and blessed be, she knew what was best!  You do not have to move to break curses.  If you have low vibe people coming around, or you know someone has animosity towards you, I would recommend adding some decorative, but potent symbolism, talismans, or elementals to your home.  I keep a besom, bristle side up, behind my front door as well as behind my bedroom door.  Mine are cinnamon-scented brooms you can find during holidays, and the scent fades, don’t worry!  You can also hang one over your door with the bristle side facing the direction your door opens.  Brooms are believed to sweep away negative energy, protect, and bring luck!  In addition, I hang a small evil eye charm over each bedroom door, on my rearview mirror, and on my key chain for protection while traveling.  I also have a few decorative evil eyes that work with my home décor but serve a greater purpose.  I bless and anoint all objects that I place within my home, and give these items jobs.  You can anoint and energize any of your belongings, they don’t have to have been made for the purpose you set for them.  I also have decorative Hamsas, I am of Jewish descent, so I feel comforted by protective symbols of the Jewish people.  You may be interested in finding symbolism from your culture as well.

If you’re not comfortable using some of these items in your home, then you can always bless a protective oil such as rosemary or sandalwood, and anoint your doors and windows.  You may want to draw protective sigils like pentacles on your door, walls, and mirrors with your anointing oil.  I like to write spells on the back or the bottom of items in my home.  No one knows that they are surrounded by protection, peace, and love spells, but it never fails, each person who enters my home comments on how uplifted and calm they feel.

Remember that you, your loved ones, and your home are sacred, and protection and peace are important.  There are MANY ways to add layers of protection to your daily life.  These are all just suggestions based on my own practice.  Ask your grandparents if they remember their mothers muttering counter curses, pocketing sachets of herbs, tossing salt over their shoulders, growing lavender for luck, or walking backward after a broom fell.  Our cultures and our ancestries have stories to tell, and Magick spells.  Yours may look quite different.  The intent is where the Magick is.  Blessed be.

This blog post was brought to you courtesy of Coven Cloud user @JustineTheWitch. Justine (she/her) is a practicing eclectic witch who specializes in shadow work and Tarot reading, she refers to herself as a “Tarotpist” and “Word Witch”. Her love for writing and passion to heal spiritual abuse has been the catalyst for her activism and her Craft.

Protection Salt Scrub Recipe

  • 1 Cup Himalayan Salt
    • Choose coarse or fine based upon your skin sensitivity. The salt is most necessary for its protective properties.
  • ½ Cup Coconut Oil
    • Jojoba or Avocado are great alternatives
  • ½ teaspoon Vitamin E
    • Optional, but very good for your skin! You can use the Vitamin E capsules from the store. Just cut them open.
  • 6 Drops of Frankincense essential oil
    • Spiritual protection and overall wellbeing. It holds so much magickal ability that it is worth every penny!
  • 6 Drops of Cedarwood essential oil
    • Purifies and grounds the body. Purges negative energy.
  • 6 Drops of Rosemary essential oil
    • Spiritual purification, clears negative energy. It also gives everything a boost of speed!
  • 6 Drops of Sage essential oil
    • Gives spiritual protection by cleansing away any negative energies.

Measure the Himalayan salt into a medium-sized mixing bowl. Then scoop out the Coconut Oil and add to the salt and mix with your hands until combined. Take several minutes and visualize a white light of protection being infused into the scrub through your hands while you’re mixing. The heat from your hands will slightly melt the coconut oil enough to incorporate the ingredients together. Add each essential oil one at a time keeping in mind their properties from above as you mix. Add the contents into a sealable jar and use as needed.

@justinethewitch (she/her) is an eclectic witch who specializes in Shadow Work and Tarot reading, she refers to herself as a “Tarotpist” and a “Word Witch”. Her love for writing and passion to heal spiritual abuse has been the catalyst for her activism and her craft.

April’s Pink Moon

2022’s Full Pink Moon will begin its rise at 2:55 pm EST on April 16th and will reach its perigee at 6:15 pm EST.

The Pink Moon always lands in the lunar cycle just around the Vernal (Spring) Equinox, and is a time for rebirth, regrowth, and transformation. Like flowers coming out of winter sleep and blooming afresh every year, so too are we in full bloom by Spring’s warming kiss. With the blooming flowers and trees comes hope for the future, inspiration and creativity, and excitement about our dreams and goals for the year ahead.

Different Native American tribes had different names for the full moons of the year. The Pink Moon was also called the Grey Goose Moon (no, not that kind of Grey Goose), the Frog Moon, Full Wind Moon, Planting Moon, Egg Moon, Full Sprouting Grass Moon, Loon Moon, and Full Fish Moon.

Is The Moon Really Pink?

Unfortunately, no, the moon isn’t actually pink. Like most moons throughout the lunar cycle, the Pink Moon gets its name from Native American tribes that used the lunar cycle to remember specific times of the year. The Pink Moon’s name is derived from a flower that blooms heavily across North America during the Spring season – the wild ground phlox, a beautiful pink, blue, or purple flower that blooms from April to June.

Sometimes, the moon can appear different colors, like red, pink, orange, or even blue, but it’s not actually the moon changing colors. It’s the changes in our viewings of the moon that make it look a different color. When the moon is highest in the sky, we’re viewing it through a thin layer of the atmosphere, but when it’s closer to the earth, we see the moon through a thicker layer of the earth’s atmosphere. Our planet’s atmosphere is made up of tiny, airborne particles that refract, scatter, and absorb light, which makes it seem like the moon is a blood-red, bright orange, or even deep blue color, depending on the time of year.

Symbolism of the Pink Moon

With new growth finally pushing its way through the ground with the Spring’s thaw, April’s Pink Moon brings to mind thoughts of fertility, adaptability, change, and growth. Gone are the dreary days of winter that we’ve spent planning our personal growth and changes for the coming year. The time has finally come to implement those new changes, and with that prospect brings excitement, anticipation, and a shift to our mindset from the dark, life-sucking winter months, to the bountiful, beautiful, life-giving sunshine of Spring!
The Pink Moon is a time for many things, spiritually speaking. New growth, adaptability, generosity, intuition, progress, light-heartedness, courage, productivity, progress, potency, fertility, innovation, and change, are all things associated with April’s moon. Therefore, conducting spells or rituals that touch on any of these things – as long as they are for yourself, or with the consent of another – are best around the Pink Moon.

Practitioners struggling with fertility might want to try some fertility spells during the time of the Pink Moon, which is why we mention consent. Wiccans, remember the Rede and the Rule of Three; other Pagan practitioners, heed the Threefold Law. Consent is key when practicing any kind of love, sex, or fertility magick. Stay safe, healthy, and full of love during this moon, my sisters and brothers.

Ritual for the Pink Moon

Gathering with family and friends always reminds us that there are people in this world who care about us, and people we care about. Cheerleaders who only want the best for us, and who always have our back through successes and failures. Full moons can be a good time to reconnect with those you love. Rituals are a good way to do that. Below you’ll find a Pink Moon ritual for the manifestation of your dreams. This is a good ritual for love and positivity for the upcoming April full moon.

You’ll need:

  • Pink candles (one is okay, more if you happen to have them)
  • Dish or candleholder(s)
  • Moonstone or Rose Quartz
  • Pink and/or red flowers
  • Paper and pen

Wear something pink to help you channel the power and energy of the Pink Moon.
Decorate your altar with red and pink flowers. This sets a tone of positivity and opens your room’s energy to the Pink Moon, which helps to focus your intentions as you cast.
If you’re able to see the moon from where you’re casting, look at it throughout the ritual, otherwise, you can visualize the moon in your mind, allowing its energy to fill you.
Cast your circle and invite your guardians/deities, spirits to join the ritual with you.
Take your pen and paper and write your intention. This is what you are trying to manifest with this ritual. Visualize your dreams blooming just as if they were the first flowers of Spring blooming around the world.

Next, place your piece of paper under your dish or candle holder and light your first pink candle. Once this one is lit, you can light subsequent candles if you’re using more than one.
Hold your Moonstone or Rose Quartz in your hands, and as you’re visualizing the moon, or seeing it in person, chant the following incantation::

Manifest my dreams
On this magical day
So be my will
This is the way

Once this is done, place your gemstone of choice outside so that you can charge it with the Pink Moon’s energy. Allow the candle to burn itself out as you meditate on your dreams, your love, and your intentions.

Thank your guardians/deities/spirits for attending your ritual, release them, and open your circle.

The Best Crystals For Manifestation

Manifestation is the innate ability that each of us possesses to manifest the reality that we desire. It’s frequently misconstrued as a psychic phenomenon when, in fact, it’s far more straightforward.

When we manifest, the Universe responds to our focus and action. We all have the power to manifest. The ability is simply a reflection of our innate power and the intention we cast out into the world.  The Universe wants nothing more than to match our energy, and does so when we intentionally enhance our goals, desires, and intentions, and act to get what it is we want.

We all have tools we use to help strengthen our manifesting, and one of the most used tools (and probably one of the most powerful in your arsenal) is crystals. Crystals are often said to carry vibrations, and that’s not just flowery speech either. It’s actually a scientific fact! Crystals carry in them an electric charge known as piezoelectricity. Human bone is also capable of piezoelectricity. So when we feel our vibrations match our crystals and the universe as a whole, it’s because that’s actually what is physically happening.

This is why we feel so in tune with our crystals when we work with them, and why they’re particularly good at helping with manifestation.

So, with that being said, let’s take a look at the best crystals to use for manifesting your desires.

Clear Quartz

This seemingly insignificant stone is significantly more powerful than many would believe, perhaps one of the most powerful stones. The properties of Clear Quartz are clarification, reflection, and magnification. These characteristics make it an excellent manifestation tool. 

Using Clear Quartz in your manifestation rituals and spells will allow you to gain mental clarity, which, in turn, allows you to better focus your attention and intention on what you want. In addition, your willpower will be enhanced, which will send your vibrations throughout the universe.

When it comes to choosing crystals for manifestation, Clear Quartz needs to be at the top of your list. Clear Quartz enhances every stone you work with, so keep them cleansed and in your arsenal. 


Warmth, well-being, and positivity are all sentiments evoked by the beautiful crystal, Citrine. Its warm, fiery glow represents the sun’s heat, giving warmth and life to all it comes into contact with. Citrine is also widely known as the “money stone” in various cultures and is said to bring its bearer prosperity and wealth.

Citrine is an incredibly potent stone for helping to manifest abundance in both financial and emotional matters. In fact, this vibrant crystal is so all-encompassing and powerful that you really should always have at least one on hand. If you’re looking for a powerful crystal to wear or carry on your person regularly, Citrine should be it.

Black Obsidian

Black Obsidian is a beautiful and dramatic stone with strong ties to the Earth. It is well-known for its grounding properties as well as its ability to remove any energy blocks you may be feeling. In order to manifest your desires, you must be firmly planted in your intention, rather than getting caught up in the thrill or stress you may feel achieving a goal. Black Obsidian helps to bring you back to Earth, allowing you to focus your intentions and take bold steps towards the future you seek to manifest.

As most witches know, we derive much of our strength – both inner and outer – from the Earth itself. This power and fortitude granted to us by nature and the Universe are critical in achieving our manifestation goals. When combined with other crystals used for manifestation, Black Obsidian can create an unbreakable foundation on which to manifest even the deepest of our desires.

Green Aventurine 

Green Aventurine is known as the “Stone of Opportunity,” thought to be the luckiest of all crystals, especially in manifesting prosperity and wealth, or for increasing favor in competitions. Its winning energy makes it a great ally for boosting one’s chances in any situation. You only need to be near it to reap its benefits. 

This beautiful stone, however, is not merely an attractor of luck, but one that aligns conditions so “opportunity” is inevitable. Green Aventurine releases old patterns, habits, and disappointments so new growth can take place. This stone defuses negative situations and turns them around.

It brings optimism and a zest for life, allowing one to move forward with confidence and to embrace change. It enhances motivation and encourages perseverance in maneuvering life’s obstacles. It also reinforces one’s decisiveness and amplifies leadership qualities.

Green Jade

Jade is part of the green color ray, the lushest and verdant shade of green, a color that reflects growth and vitality. It is also a stone that stands for wealth and longevity. And it’s not all about the money – the Jade crystal healing properties instill prosperity in every aspect of your life, guiding you to lead a richer, more fulfilling existence. 

After all, money can only buy so much happiness, but with the help of your Jade, you can thrive and flourish in all areas of your life.

The meaning behind Jade is love and balance. Jade stones have been used in feng shui for many years to create feelings of harmony. Jade stimulates ideas and makes tasks seem less difficult so they can be acted on easily. Carry Jade as a lucky charm to attract wealth and popularity.


Amethyst offers you some oftentimes much-needed emotional support in the form of tranquility and confidence. This also includes defense against the negative effects of anxiety and stress, which is why it’s often used to help ease work-related stress, as well as for meditation. It also fosters a sense of calm, expanded consciousness, and balance.

Amethyst is excellent for boosting your intuition, awareness, spiritual communication, and perception, which allows us to manifest our goals quicker by pointing us in the right direction.

Use Amethyst when meditating to help you become more aware of your emotions, improve your mental clarity, and calm your mind. Place it in your home, car, or even in your office to help purify your surroundings of negative energies.

There are so many more crystals that can be used for manifestation, so keep in mind that this is just a quick jumping-off point to get you started in your manifestation journey and in your crystal collection (which will likely get way out of hand before you know it if you’re anything like the rest of us). Happy manifesting!

The Full Worm Moon – A Harbinger of Spring

The Full Worm Moon will occur on Friday, March 18 at 3:17 a.m. Eastern and will be visible throughout North America and Canada all night long. The Worm Moon got its name from the castings of earthworms that could be found littered across the ground at the time of the year. As the ground thaws from the winter months, earthworms begin to make their way to the surface and leave their castings behind, which greatly improves the soil structure for newly blooming plants. 

What Does the Worm Moon Symbolize?

Also called the Storm Moon, the Crow Moon, the Crust Moon, the Sap Moon, and the Spring Moon, the Worm Moon symbolizes hope, optimism, and new beginnings. The Worm Moon is the time for planting seeds, whether metaphorically or physically. While the sunshine warms your face and newly arrived or born critters scamper around, the month of the Worm Moon is the time of the year when we get serious about what our intentions for the rest of the year will be. You’ve spent the last two months thinking about what you wanted to manifest for the coming year, and now it’s time to start taking action.

Like the fable of the Ant and the Grasshopper, you can either use this time of the year to sing, and play, and put off what you believe can be done another day, or you can work hard at your goals and manifest your dreams. The Worm Moon is the best time to decide whether you’ll be an ant or a grasshopper this year.

Rituals During the Worm Moon

The Worm Moon is an amazing time for rituals. They can be as simple as journaling in your grimoire, to as complex as a full Worm Moon spell. Journaling is a great, small ritual to perform, and it’s something that you should be doing every full moon, as it allows you the ability to set and observe short-term goals, as well as see how far you’ve come since the last full moon.

Another small ritual to perform during the Worm Moon is the crafting of herb pillows. As the frost begins to abate and plants, flowers, and herbs start to poke up through the soil, herb pillows can be made to help ward off nightmares, bring you prophetic dreams, and even help cure insomnia.

To start, sew together three sides of two pieces of 3” x 3” fabric. Leave the fourth side open to be stuffed with herbs and then either sew it together or tie it with a ribbon.

For prophetic dreams, stuff your pillow with mugwort, chamomile, and lavender. For a sleeping aid, use lemon verbena, thyme, lavender flowers, and mint. To help cure headaches, use lavender, mint, and verbena. For nightmares, stuff your pillow with rosemary, lemon, thyme, woodruff, and lavender. 

If you want to perform something a little more complex, try this Worm Moon spell for manifestation, restoration, and renewal.

What you’ll need:

A green candle

Five crystals representing the five elements

  • Earth: Jasper, black tourmaline, moss agate
  • Air: Aventurine, Tiger’s Eye, turquoise
  • Water: Coral, celestite, lapis lazuli
  • Fire: Citrine, carnelian, fire agate.
  • Spirit: Clear quartz, danburite, phenakite

Start the ritual by casting your circle and setting your intentions for this ritual. What do you wish to achieve during this season?

Place the candle in the middle of your altar and light it while saying, “During this full moon, my will is strong, and my heart is full.”

Pick up your stone or crystal representing earth, take three deep breaths, and say, “Guardians of the element of earth, be with me.”

Pick up your stone or crystal for air and say, “Guardians of the element of air, be with me.”

Repeat the same with water, fire, and finally, spirit.  

Meditate on your goals for this month, and the coming year. Visualize your manifestations coming to fruition. Think about how you’ll feel once your goal or goals have been achieved.

Once your meditation is complete, extinguish your candle, thank the spirits/deities/guardians for attending your ritual, and close your circle.